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Best LED & OLED Flat Screen TVs 2018: Reviews & Buying Guide

It seems so easy. Search through a list of the best flat screen TVs and pick the one you want. Simple.

Unfortunately, these days I seem to begin most of my guides in the same way - “It’s really complicated to decide on the best <insert name of device here> for you”.

Now, some may say that’s because I’m not a great writer and I should try a bit harder. You got me there! However, it’s also because it’s true.

Unfortunately, with modern flat screen televisions, we come across the same problems. A confusing list of specifications and acronyms that blind us with science. It can make choosing the right TV appear impossible.

However, let’s not give up too easily. Why don’t we take this one step at a time and try to understand the choices we have?

First, I’ll point out the different types of flat screen TV available today. Then, I’ll highlight some of the most important features that I think you should be looking out for.

Next, I’ll review a few models that are some of the best TVs to buy in 2018. And, finally, I’ll provide a detailed buying guide which summarises everything in a nice simple list.

Ready to get going? Hold on to your hats, by the end of this article, we’re going to be flat screen TV ninjas.

Best Flat Screen TVs: Remote control pointing at LED TV

Top 10 Flat Screen TVs Comparison Table

Image Model Screen Type HDR? Screen Sizes
LG OLED-65C7P 65-Inch TV OLED 4K UHD HDR10 / Dolby Vision 65" / 55" Check Price
Samsung QN65Q7F 65-Inch TV Edge-lit | VA QLED | 4K UHD HDR10 75" / 65" / 55" Check Price
Sony XBR-65A1E 65-Inch TV OLED 4K UHD HDR10 / Dolby Vision 75" / 65" / 55" Check Price
Sony XBR-65X900E 65-Inch TV Full-array | VA LED | 4K UHD HDR10 75" / 65" / 55" / 49" Check Price
Samsung UN65-MU8000 65-Inch TV Edge-lit | VA LED | 4K UHD HDR10 82" / 75" / 65" / 55" / 49" Check Price
LG 65SJ8500 65-Inch TV Edge-lit | IPS LED | 4K UHD HDR10 / Dolby Vision 65" / 55" Check Price
TCL 55P607 55-Inch TV Full-array | VA LED | 4K UHD HDR10 / Dolby Vision 55" Check Price
LG 55UJ6300 55-Inch TV Direct-lit | IPS LED | 4K UHD HDR10 65" / 55" / 49" / 43" Check Price
Samsung UN40-MU7000 40-Inch TV Edge-lit | VA LED | 4K UHD HDR10 65" / 55" / 49" / 40" Check Price
TCL 40S305 40-Inch TV Direct-lit | VA LED | 1080p (except 28"/32") No 49" / 43" / 40" / 32" / 28" Check Price

A Brief History of the Flat Screen TV

If you are an old so-and-so like me, you will probably remember your old CRT TV. Up until the mid-2000's, CRT was the TV technology. The problem was, this type of TV was bulky and very heavy. You couldn't hang one of these babies on the wall! Also, it was impossible to produce a TV with a screen size larger than around 40-inches.

I remember my first widescreen CRT TV. It was a 28-inch beauty and it needed two of us to carry it into the house. Boy, you could really put your back out moving one of those around! Mind you, I thought it was the bee's knees. I'd never seen such a HUGE television picture. 28-inch widescreen! Hey, don't laugh, we were easily impressed in those days.

Three scientists with an old TV

As TV technology developed, the trend was for televisions which were thin and wall-mountable. Not only that, but we all wanted ever-larger screen sizes. This was made possible by two different TV technologies - LCD and plasma TVs.

Although these TV technologies worked in different ways, they both allowed for thin TVs which could be easily wall-mounted. As with all technology, there were fans of both types. The LCD TV was the most widely available in a large range of screen sizes - and was generally cheaper. The plasma TV was a little bulkier than an LCD TV and more expensive. But, many believed it to have the best picture quality.

However, all good things come to an end, and we have now moved into another era for the flat screen TV. To improve the picture quality, the technology of LCD TVs evolved into the LED TV. An LED TV is essentially the same technology as an LCD TV, but with LED lights used for the backlight. The marketing departments decided it sounded more impressive to call it an LED TV, rather than stick with the LCD tag. Unfortunately, you'll come across this quite a bit in the world of TVs. Using new names and branding to make existing technology sound fresh and exciting.

As the trend continued towards higher screen resolutions and cheaper prices, the plasma TV started to decline. Plasma TV technology was unable to compete with the price and improving picture quality of the best LED TVs. So, by 2014, LG and Samsung became the last two plasma TV manufacturers to stop production. Goodbye, my old friend. It's been emotional.

Different Types of Flat Screen TVs

So, where does this leave us in 2018? Well, you have a simple choice these days. You can buy an LED TV or an OLED TV. In some ways, this current choice is like that between the old LCD and plasma TVs. Very generally, an LED TV offers better value and a wider choice of screen sizes. An OLED TV is more expensive, but many consider it to have the best picture quality.

By the way, it’s impossible to discuss this subject without mentioning some technical terms. In some cases, I’ll briefly explain things as we go. However, if you go to the bottom of the page, I’ve included a section where I've explained some of the flat screen TV technical terms in more detail.

What is an LED TV?

The LED TV is the most common type of TV you can buy in 2018. They come in a wide range of screen sizes and with many different features. You can get budget models if you want something cheap and cheerful - or high-end models with top-notch picture quality.

There are two main designs used when building TVs with LED backlights:

  • Edge Lighting: the lights are arranged around the edge of the screen, and the light spreads out across the back from the sides. Also known as edge-lit TVs. The main advantage is they can be very thin. The main disadvantages are reduced black levels and the backlight can be brighter in some areas of the screen than others.
  • Direct Lighting: the lights are positioned in rows directly behind the screen. Also known as direct-lit or full-array TVs. With full-array TVs, the lights are arranged in blocks, rather than rows. Their main advantage is better contrast by using local dimming (the lighting can be switched off in dark areas of the picture). You can get local dimming on edge-lit TVs too, but it is usually less effective. One disadvantage with local dimming is that it can cause a ‘halo’ effect when there is a bright image on a dark background.

If you want more detail on the differences, go to the article on understanding the LED HDTV. It explains more about the differences between edge-lit and direct-lit LED screens.

One point you may want to consider, is that there are two different panel types that can be used to build an LED TV. A VA panel (Vertical Alignment) or an IPS panel (In-Plane Switching). I shan’t bore you with the design differences, but they do make a difference in the performance.

In short, a VA panel should have the best picture quality and will be more suited to viewing straight-on in a dark room i.e. better for your home theater TV. However, if you need an LED TV for a living room with wider viewing angles, then you may want to buy an LED TV that has an IPS panel.

The main advantages of an LED TV are:

  • Wide range of prices points - from budget to high-end TVs
  • Available in more screen sizes
  • Produces a bright picture which will work well in a light room
  • Great for general day-to-day use
  • Doesn’t suffer from image retention

LED TV on brick wall

What is a QLED TV?

Just to add to your level of confusion, at this point I should mention the QLED TV. Don't blame me, it wasn't my idea! This is a name you might come across when looking at Samsung TVs. They are also known as Quantum Dot TVs.

To keep things simple, you just need to know that QLED is a type of LED/LCD TV technology. Not some completely new display technology. Samsung has decided to try and improve on LED technology rather than produce a range of OLED TVs (see below). You will find these at the top-end of the range of Samsung LED TVs.

The main advantages of a QLED TV over a standard LED TV are:

  • Wider color gamut i.e. they can display more colors
  • Increased brightness
  • More energy efficient
  • Wider viewing angle (but not as good as OLED televisions)

Currently, the biggest downside of these TVs are they are considerably more expensive than standard LED TVs. You need to decide if the improved performance is worth the extra money.

What is an OLED TV?

If you must have the best picture quality, then an OLED TV should be high on your shopping list. OLED technology is relatively new to the mainstream TV market and is a different display technology to that used by LED TVs. It shouldn't be confused with the QLED TVs described above.

OLED stands for organic light-emitting diode. An OLED TV has an organic layer which emits light when it is fed an electric current. Due to the way this technology works, these TVs can be very thin and light because there is no backlight.

The lack of a backlight also means that the contrast ratio is fantastic. The contrast ratio is the difference between the brightest whites and the darkest blacks - which is very important to the perceived picture quality. OLED TVs produce almost perfect black levels because when the electrical current is removed from a pixel, it goes black instantly.

So, the main advantages of OLED televisions are:

  • Picture quality - perfect black levels for an amazing contrast ratio
  • Great performance in a dark room for your home theater
  • Wide viewing angle
  • Low response times – great for fast moving images
  • Low power requirements

There are downsides to consider too. An OLED TV will often be more expensive than an LED TV of a similar size. Also, OLED TVs aren't generally as bright as LED TVs, which may be a problem if you regularly watch your TV in a light room.

This technology can also be prone to image retention. This is where a faint impression of static parts of a picture - like a logo - can be left on the screen. In most situations this is unlikely to be permanent and will fade fairly quickly. But, this may prove annoying for some people. It is more likely to be a problem if the screen is used regularly for gaming where there are static logos or banners. Or, you watch the same TV channel with fixed-position logos.

Most of the main TV manufacturers now have one or two OLED TVs in their range (although, at the time of writing, not Samsung). However, you won't get the large range of screen sizes to choose from as with LED televisions. Although, that could be a positive as it makes it easier to make your choice!

If you want help finding the best OLED TV, check out the reviews further down this article.

LED TVs in different sizes

Features of Flat Screen TVs

No matter what type of TV you are looking at - LED or OLED - there are some common features which you will find for both types. Let me take a brief look at some of the most important features, which can help to narrow down which TV you want to buy.

TV Screen Size

For LED TVs, screen sizes range from a dinky 15-inch model to put in your kitchen, up to a huge 85-inch beast to use as the centerpiece of your home theater. In fact, you can get some LED TVs even larger than this.

If you want an OLED TV, then the screen sizes are currently more limited. Most models will come in 55-inch and 65-inch sizes, and some brands offer slightly larger models. However, anything below 55-inch is rare and so you may not have a choice if you are looking for a smaller screen.

For many people, the million-dollar question is, 'what size TV is right for my room?'. Unfortunately, there isn't a simple answer to this question. A common rule-of-thumb is that the ideal viewing distance for a flat screen TV is around 1.5 to 3 times the diagonal size of your screen. Using these figures, we can either:

  1. Decide on the screen size we want, and then calculate the ideal viewing distance in our room.
  2. Estimate the viewing distance in our room and use that to calculate an ideal screen size.

There are also a number of other factors to consider:

  • Will you be mounting the TV on a wall - or placing it on a piece of furniture?
  • Is the TV mainly for 'in-the-background' viewing, or as the main screen for watching movies?
  • Will you be watching pin-sharp Ultra HD pictures or lower quality images like DVDs?

Unfortunately, there is a right or wrong answer when choosing the best TV screen size for your room. My article Understanding TV Viewing Distance investigates this in a bit more detail.

TV Screen Resolution

The screen resolution of a TV screen refers to the number of physical pixels that make up the screen. This is also known as the native resolution of the screen.

When you are looking to buy a modern flat screen TV, there are currently three main screen resolutions to choose from:

  • 720p: 1280 x 720 pixels - aka HD Ready
  • 1080p: 1920 x 1080 pixels - aka Full HD
  • 2160p: 3840 x 2160 pixels - aka 4K / Ultra HD / SUHD

Because each resolution refers to the actual number of pixels, a smaller TV screen is likely to be 720p or 1080p. This is because it is easier and cheaper to make a small screen with fewer pixels. As the screen size increases, then you will more likely see 1080p or 4K screen resolutions.

For most manufacturers, these days all their higher-end models will be a 4K resolution. 1080p and 720p models will likely be smaller screen sizes - or budget versions of larger screens.

3840 x 2160 Ultra HD 4K TV Resolution Diagram 3840 x 2160 Ultra HD 4K TV Resolution

Does it matter if I buy the 1080p or 4K version of a TV? If you have a choice, then it really depends on what you are going to watch on the screen. And, how far away from the TV you will be sitting.

You will mainly benefit from a 4K TV if you are going to be watching lots of 4K video content - and be sitting close enough to be able to see the extra detail. However, at present there aren't many ways to watch true 4K pictures. You can:

  • buy an Ultra HD Blu-ray player
  • stream 4K content from Netflix, Amazon Video and YouTube
  • watch the limited 4K content on a few terrestrial or cable TV channels
  • use the latest games consoles like the Xbox One X or PS4 Pro

If you don't have any of these, then your 4K screen will just upscale any lower resolution video content. This will look fine but won't be true 4K. In fact, 1080p content upscaled on a 4K screen can look pretty darn good. SD content upscaled to a 4K TV may not look so great, especially if you are sat fairly close.

The article on Understanding TV Resolutions: Do You Need a 1080p or 4K TV goes into this in a bit more detail.

High Dynamic Range

A relatively new development is the introduction of High Dynamic Range (HDR) video content. HDR video includes metadata that increases the contrast ratio of an image. This means that the blacks are darker, and the whites are brighter.

But, that's not all. The specification for HDR also allows for greater brightness and a wider color range.

To watch HDR video, your TV will need to support it. So, an HDR-certified TV must be able to display a very bright image and a wide range of colors.

The result is an amazingly vibrant and life-like picture. There will be greater detail in the picture, even when there are both bright and dark areas on screen at the same time.

So, while this is a good thing, there are a couple of gotchas you need to be aware of:

  1. There are different versions of HDR. HDR10 is the most common, but there are also others such as Dolby Vision, Hybrid Log-Gamma (HLG) and HDR10+. These are all independent of each other and are different technologies. Some newer TVs will support all the current versions of HDR. However, be careful. If you need a particular version of HDR then make sure that the TV you buy supports it.
  2. There aren't currently many ways to watch HDR video. Ultra HD Blu-ray is one. Also, some streaming services are starting to provide HDR content - Netflix, Amazon Video, YouTube HDR and Apple iTunes.
  3. To see an HDR image on your screen, having an HDR TV may not be enough on its own. Your complete hardware chain will need to support the same version of HDR. So, that might include an Ultra HD Blu-ray player and an AV receiver with HDR passthrough - all connected to your HDR TV. If you are using a Smart TV app to stream the video direct to the TV, then the TV is all you will need.

TV Connections

A flat screen TV in 2018 will have many of the standard audio and video connections found on all modern AV devices. The most common connection used these days is HDMI. You will probably just need this for connecting your devices.

However, you may find a combination of one or more of the following:

Most of the above will be inputs, for sending signals into the TV. Some TVs will also provide audio outputs - for connecting to a home theater surround sound system. This is important to have if you need to send the audio from the internal tuner, or apps, to a surround sound setup. However, if your TV supports HDMI ARC, then you may be able to use this to send audio back to your speaker system. In which case, you won't need to use any digital audio outputs.

Common Flat Screen TV Connections Common Flat Screen TV Connections

You may also find a DVI or VGA port for connecting your computer. Or, you may be able to use a spare HDMI port depending on the output connections your computer has.

Many modern TVs will also have Ethernet or wireless connectivity to access your home network and internet connection. Access to the internet will allow you to stream video content from online - usually via the many built-in apps such as Netflix. You may also be able to stream files via DLNA from your home network.

The main thing to consider is; what connections do you need? Try to think about this before you buy a new TV.

If you are planning on using an AV receiver to connect all your devices - as part of a home theater system - then you may need fewer input connections on the TV. In this case, you will connect most of the devices to the receiver and just send one HDMI cable to the TV. The article how to set up surround sound explains this is more detail.

Which are the Best LED & OLED TV Brands?

The answer to this question may well depend on where you are in the world. There are a few brands which dominate globally, but some areas have manufacturers which only supply their local region.

In the US, there are three main TV manufacturers which are global brands - Sony, LG and Samsung. These dominate all the TV markets - from small HD Ready LED TVs to large cutting-edge 4K OLED and LED TVs. They are place you should start if you are looking for high quality TVs.

Other popular brands are VIZIO, TCL, Sceptre and Hisense, who all provide a wide range of great value TVs.

Some well-known names from the past are still around - such as Sharp, Toshiba, Philips and JVC - although they don't provide as many models as the main players.

In the UK, many of the names already mentioned are also present -except for TCL and VIZIO. However, Panasonic TVs are still popular in the UK - whereas they have pulled out of the US market.

Top 5 Flat Screen TVs Review

Now that we have looked at some of the most important features of flat screen TVs, let's think about some models. It can be very frustrating when choosing a TV because there are just so many to choose from.

The aim here is to try and give you somewhere to start looking. I'm going to list a few of my favorite flat screen TVs. Any of these will be great for most people. They are some of the best OLED and LED TVs available today.

The higher-end TVs are nearer the top. It should come as no surprise that these offer the best quality and features - and are more expensive! However, that doesn't mean the others aren't worth considering. We all have different price brackets and reasons for buying a TV. I've tried to select a range of TV types and prices that are the best in their price brackets.

Also, although I have highlighted a certain size TV, don't forget that each model often comes in different sizes. I'll list the available sizes in the specification table.

1. LG OLED65C7P 65-Inch 4K OLED TV

The LG OLED65C7P is part of the fantastic range of LG OLED televisions. If you simply want the best picture in a modern flat screen TV, then this should be high on your list. There are few TVs that can compare to the awesome 4K image that this model can deliver. LG has been at the forefront of OLED technology and continues to push the boundaries of what is possible today. If you want to find the best OLED TV in 2018, then LG are certainly worth checking out.

LG OLED65C7P 65-Inch 4K OLED TV

Product Highlights

This TV offers a 4K UHD picture with some of the best contrast ratios that you will find. As OLED technology has no backlight, these TVs will allow for the deepest of blacks. If you display a true 4K UHD picture on this screen, then you will definitely get that WOW factor.

But, that's not all. The C7 supports High Dynamic Range (HDR) to take the picture to another level. HDR10 is supported, along with Dolby Vision. If you have a way of playing content with Dolby Vision, then you will get the full benefit of this form of Active HDR. This is where the HDR metadata can be changed scene-by-scene for an even better performance. Active HDR can also adjust to the capabilities of the screen.

The result can be truly jaw-dropping pictures. All this with a screen which is blade slim. It's so thin it has to be seen to be believed.

Another big selling point of the C7 is the fact that OLED technology offers some of the best viewing angles available today. So, it doesn't matter if you aren't sat in the prime position, directly in front of the TV. Anybody in the room will benefit from the fantastic picture quality.

LG OLED65C7P OLED TV Specifications
Screen Type Dimensions w/o stand (W x H x D) Weight (lbs) Refresh Rate (Hz)
OLED 4K UHD 57.2" x 32.8" x 1.8" 50.3 120
HDR? Screen Sizes HDMI Inputs VESA
Yes - HDR10 / Dolby Vision™ 65" / 55" 4 (HDCP 2.2) 300 x 200

As with most OLED TVs, you don’t get the range of screen sizes that you do with an LED TV. With this model you have the choice of a 55-inch or a 65-inch screen. However, you won’t appreciate the full glory of a 4K picture with anything much smaller, so I don’t see this as a problem.

The LG C7 comes with the excellent webOS 3.5 Smart TV platform. This offers a range of your favorite apps from Netflix to YouTube and Hulu to Google Play. To connect the TV to the internet, you have a choice of an Ethernet connection or 802.11ac wireless.

There is a decent amount of input connections. Four HDMI HDCP 2.2 ports and three USB ports for playing content that you own on file. There is also 1 RF/Antenna input and 1 AV port which doubles up as either a component or composite input.

If you are going to rely on the TV speakers for the sound, then don't expect miracles, but it certainly delivers admirable sound quality. This model also supports Dolby Atmos - if you have a source that will deliver encoded Dolby Atmos sound to the TV. It's not going to replace a true surround sound system, but you can get a sense of space.

Thumbs Up   

  • Fantastic OLED picture quality
  • Wide viewing angle
  • Perfect blacks
  • Limited reflections in bright rooms
  • Handles motion well
  • HDR10 or Dolby Vision Active HDR
  • Excellent Smart TV platform

Thumbs Down   

  • Some users have complained of screen image retention. It shouldn't be a problem if you are careful, but it may be an issue for some.
  • Not as bright as many LED TVs, so might not work so well in a bright room.
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2. Samsung QN65Q7F 65-Inch 4K QLED TV

Samsung has moved in a different direction to some of the top TV manufacturers. While LG and Sony have developed OLED TVs, Samsung decided the best way forward was to push the boundaries of LED TV technology. This TV is from their top-of-the-range Q Series. These TVs feature Samsungs QLED - or Quantum Dot Technology. If you would rather go with an LED TV, then this model offers one of the best pictures you will get.

Samsung QN65Q7F 65-Inch 4K QLED TV

Product Highlights

The Samsung QN65Q7F is an edge-lit LED TV. The QLED technology developed by Samsung allows for more colors and a beautiful bright picture. You certainly won't be disappointed with the quality of the image. QLED is also supposed to improve the viewing angle, however, you won't find this as good as with an OLED TV.

As the picture is bright, you can expect this TV to work well in a range of different rooms. The extra brightness will be useful if you have a room that is often very light. The supported HDR10 technology will also help to provide an image with excellent contrast.

It is certainly a gorgeous-looking screen. Samsung calls it their Boundless 360° Design™ and the no-bezel look will definitely look great on a wall. Or simply standing on a cabinet.

Samsung QN65Q7F QLED TV Specifications
Screen Type Dimensions w/o stand (W x H x D) Weight (lbs) Refresh Rate (Hz)
Edge-lit | VA QLED | 4K UHD 56.9" x 32.5" x 1.8" 53.6 120
HDR? Screen Sizes HDMI Inputs VESA
Yes - HDR10 75" / 65" / 55" 4 (HDCP 2.2) 400 x 400

You have a choice of 3 different screen sizes with this model. The largest is a 75-inch beauty, but you can also get a 65-inch or 55-inch screen size.

A nice feature is the One Connect Box. It makes installing your devices much easier by including a separate connection box. The TV comes with a 5-meter optical cable, which attaches to the back of the TV. Then, this single cable connects to the separate box which has all your main TV inputs. The box contains 4 HDMI, 3 USB, 1 Ethernet, 1 RS-232 and 1 RF/antenna input. Plus, a single optical output. Neat.

In case the Ethernet connection isn't enough, then the TV also has Wi-Fi for connecting to your home network.

To carry on with the 'One' theme, there is also the One Remote. This works as a universal remote and is designed to control all your AV devices. It won't work with every device under the sun, but there have been more compatible devices added than previously.

The idea is that when you connect a new device via HDMI on the One Connect Box, it will automatically be detected. The One Remote will then add the required control codes without any input from you. That new device will then be controllable by the One Remote. Simple.

Thumbs Up   

  • Bright, colorful image
  • Modern no-bezel design
  • One Connect Box for easier device connection
  • Guaranteed burn-in free for life
  • Automatic device control with One Remote
  • Handles reflections well

Thumbs Down   

  • Contrast ratio not as good as OLED
  • Reduced picture quality at an angle
  • QLED TVs are expensive compared to some other LED TVs
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3. Sony XBR-65A1E 65-Inch 4K OLED TV

Sony was a little late coming to the OLED TV party, but they’ve arrived with a bang with this model. There is currently only one TV in the series, but it's a good one. With its beautiful OLED picture and inventive solution to TV speakers, this is definitely worth considering if you are in the market for an OLED TV.

Sony XBR-65A1E 65-Inch 4K OLED TV

Product Highlights

Before we go any further, let's get one thing out of the way. Does the picture on the Sony XBR-65A1E look absolutely fantastic? Of course it does! If like me, you are a fan of OLED TV technology, then you can be confident of a thrilling experience when you watch this TV.

It almost goes without saying that the deep blacks, bright whites and excellent color reproduction mark this TV as a top choice. As we know by now, OLED TVs are really the way to go if you are after the best TV picture currently available. This screen supports HDR10, Dolby Vision™ and Hybrid Log-Gamma. So, you shouldn't have a problem watching any available HDR content.

Add to that the fast response times, and we also get a TV that works well for fast-moving images like sports.

This TV doesn't just look great for native 4K UHD images, it also upscales 1080p content very well. Understandably, lower resolution SD content doesn't look quite as good, but this screen still does a fair job at upscaling this too. If you still watch plenty of lower resolution content, then it may be better to stick to the smaller screen size. However, this TV is designed for high-resolution images, so 1080p and 4K content is the way to go.

Sony XBR-65A1E OLED TV Specifications
Screen Type Dimensions w/o stand (W x H x D) Weight (lbs) Refresh Rate (Hz)
OLED 4K UHD 57.3" x 32.9" x 3.5" 55.1 120
HDR? Screen Sizes HDMI Inputs VESA
Yes - HDR10 / Dolby Vision™ 75" / 65" / 55" 4 (HDCP 2.2) 400 x 200

The A1E has plenty of input connections which are available on the rear of the TV:

  • 4 x HDMI inputs with HDCP 2.2
  • 3 x USB (1 side / 2 bottom)
  • 1 x Composite
  • 1 x RF/Antenna
  • 1 x RS-232
  • 1 x Ethernet

Just bear in mind, this TV doesn't have any component inputs. This won't be a problem for most people, but it may prove annoying for some. There is also a single optical audio output.

As well as Ethernet, there is built-in 802.11a/b/g/n/ac Wi-Fi.

A very interesting feature is the sound. Although I'm a fan of a true surround sound setup, this TV has a unique way of hiding the TV speakers. It doesn't have any! Instead, the screen itself vibrates and generates the sound. Maybe surprisingly, it sounds pretty good too. I like it!

Another positive is that you get 3 different screen sizes with this model. An impressive 75-inch screen is the largest – but you can also choose between a 65-inch and 55-inch screen.

Thumbs Up   

  • Beautiful picture
  • Very good upscaling
  • Wide viewing angle
  • Handles reflections well
  • Acoustic Surface ™ sound technology

Thumbs Down   

  • If you use the stand, the screen will tilt back slightly
  • It's not cheap
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4. Sony XBR-65X900E 65-Inch 4K LED TV

You will find this TV at the mid to upper range of Sony LED TVs. So, you may find this a good balance between quality and price. It might be more suitable for you if the previous suggestions were above your budget. The great thing about modern flat screen TVs is there are so many different price points. There is something there for everybody. The hard part is narrowing down which is right for you.

Sony XBR-65X900E 65-Inch 4K LED TV

Product Highlights

The Sony XBR-900E is a direct-lit LED TV. This means the LED backlights are arranged behind the screen. This can often provide a better performance than those models with edge-lit backlights.

The picture on this model is very bright and colorful. It will work well in light rooms, but the bright screen means it is also great for HDR content. HDR10 is supported in this model which will be sufficient for most people as it is the most common form of HDR.

Users have commented that it also handles reflections well, which is useful if there are windows around your viewing area.

You have a good number of different screen sizes to choose from with this TV. From the very large 75-inch and 65-inch screens, down to a 55-inch and 49-inch model.

There are several connections available on the back panel of the TV. Four HDMI ports and three USB connections provide plenty of options. There is a dedicated component connection, and this is also shared with a composite connection. On the side, we also have another dedicated composite connection.

Sony XBR-65X900E LED TV Specifications
Screen Type Dimensions w/o stand (W x H x D) Weight (lbs) Refresh Rate (Hz)
Full-array | VA LED | 4K UHD 57" x 32.8" x 2.4" 48.5 120
HDR? Screen Sizes HDMI Inputs VESA
Yes - HDR10 75" / 65" / 55" / 49" 4 (HDCP 2.2) 200 x 200

If you need to send audio from the TV to a speaker system, then there is a digital optical audio output. This will be suitable in most cases. However, the HDMI 3 port also supports ARC. So, you could set up your system to send audio down the HDMI cable.

Internet connectivity is available via built-in Wi-Fi or the Ethernet port on the rear. Once you are connected to the internet, you can take advantage of the Smart TV features. This Sony TV uses the Android TV platform. It might not be the easiest to navigate, but it has most of the essentials like YouTube, Netflix and Amazon Video. The last two also support the streaming of HDR content, which is great especially if you don't have a 4K UHD Blu-ray player.

This model also has a nice feature to make it easier to hide your cables. You can conceal your cables by routing them around the back of the TV and into the TV stand. A small point, but it can make for a tidy installation. Although, I accept that this isn't going to be much use to you if you mount the TV on the wall!

Thumbs Up   

  • Excellent colorful and bright image
  • Good blacks and HDR performance
  • Limited room reflection
  • Responsive screen that is good for sports and gaming
  • Good value

Thumbs Down   

  • No Dolby Vision HDR
  • Poor viewing angles
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5. Samsung UN65MU8000 65-Inch 4K LED TV

Samsung produces a fine range of LED TVs at different price points. Although not the cheapest, this model fits in around the middle of their range. These 8 Series models fit in below the Q and 9 Series. However, there is also the 5, 6 and 7 Series below. So, getting a TV in this range can be a good balance between quality and cost.

Samsung UN65MU8000 65-Inch 4K LED TV

Product Highlights

The Samsung UN65MU8000 is a 4K Ultra HD TV that supports HDR. Although it doesn't have Dolby Vision support, it does have HDR10 which is the most common version.

The MU8000 is available in several screen sizes. From the very large 82-inch and 75-inch models - down to 65-inch, 55-inch and 49-inch. There should be something for everybody here.

Although not the top-of-the-range, this TV has a good picture quality. HDR support means it can produce a bright picture and strong colors. Some users have mentioned that the screen is slightly reflective, so that might be an issue if you have windows around your viewing area.

Samsung UN65MU8000 LED TV Specifications
Screen Type Dimensions w/o stand (W x H x D) Weight (lbs) Refresh Rate (Hz)
Edge-lit | VA LED | 4K UHD 56.9" x 32.8" x 2.2" 51.6 120 (except 49")
HDR? Screen Sizes HDMI Inputs VESA
Yes - HDR10 82" / 75" / 65" / 55" / 49" 4 (HDCP 2.2) 400 x 400

As with many LED TVs, the picture won't look as good if you are sat at an angle. The colors will wash out the more you move away from a front-on position.

This TV also has a feature that I really like. It comes with a One Connect Mini Box which makes it much easier to connect external devices to your TV. Although it doesn't have as many connections as with the larger version, you can still connect your HDMI and USB devices here. It also has an antenna connection and an optical digital audio output. Then you just need to run one small optical cable from the box to the back of the TV.

On the side of the TV, there is another USB port and an Ethernet connection if you want to connect to the internet with a cable. If not, the TV also has Wi-Fi.

Thumbs Up   

  • Good value for money
  • Great picture quality
  • HDR10 support
  • Available in several screen sizes
  • No image retention
  • Fast response time - good for gaming and fast-moving action
  • One Connect Mini Box

Thumbs Down   

  • Might reflect ambient light
  • Picture degrades when viewed on an angle
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The Next 5 Best Flat Screen TVs

The five TVs we have seen offer a great choice for many people. However, there are many more TVs out there to choose from. The aim of this list is to try and narrow down your options a little. To give you somewhere to start at least. So, let me suggest five more TVs which I think are worth considering. To give you even more choice, I have tried to include some of the best cheaper and smaller TVs. 


6. LG 65SJ8500 65-Inch 4K LED TV

LG 65SJ8500 65-Inch 4K LED TV

Part of the LG Super UHD Series.

Screen Type: Edge-lit | IPS LED | 4K UHD

Dimensions (W x H x D) w/o Stand: 57.2" x 32.8" x 2.3"

Weight: 59.5 lbs

Refresh Rate: 120 Hz

HDR: Yes - HDR10 / Dolby Vision

Available Screen Sizes: 65" / 55"

HDMI Inputs: 3 (HDCP 2.2)

Smart TV: Yes - webOS 3.5

VESA: 300 x 300

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7. TCL 55P607 55-Inch 4K LED TV

TCL 55P607 55-Inch 4K LED TV

Part of the TCL P6 Series.

Screen Type: Full-array | VA LED | 4K UHD

Dimensions (W x H x D) w/o Stand: 49" x 28.3" x 3"

Weight: 32.6 lbs

Refresh Rate: 60 Hz

HDR: Yes - HDR10 / Dolby Vision

Available Screen Sizes: 55" only

HDMI Inputs: 3 (HDCP 2.2)

Smart TV: Yes - Tizen

VESA: 200 x 200

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8. LG 55UJ6300 55-Inch 4K LED TV

LG 55UJ6300 55-Inch 4K LED TV

Part of their standard UHD TV 4K Series.

Screen Type: Direct-lit | IPS LED | 4K UHD

Dimensions (W x H x D) w/o Stand: 49.2" x 28.7" x 3.3"

Weight: 31.3 lbs

Refresh Rate: 60 Hz

HDR: Yes - HDR10

Available Screen Sizes: 65" / 55" / 49" / 43"

HDMI Inputs: 3 (HDCP 2.2)

Smart TV: Yes - webOS 3.5

VESA: 300 x 300

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9. Samsung UN40MU7000 40-Inch 4K LED TV

Samsung UN40MU7000 40-Inch 4K LED TV

Part of their 7 Series.

Screen Type: Edge-lit | VA LED | 4K UHD

Dimensions (W x H x D) w/o Stand: 35.6" x 20.5" x 2.1"

Weight: 20.3 lbs

Refresh Rate: 60 Hz

HDR: Yes - HDR10

Available Screen Sizes: 65" / 55" / 49" / 40"

HDMI Inputs: 3 (HDCP 2.2)

Smart TV: Yes - Tizen

VESA: 400 x 400

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10. TCL 40S305 40-Inch 1080p LED TV

TCL 40S305 40-Inch 1080p LED TV

Part of their S3 Series.

Screen Type: Direct-lit | VA LED | 1080p (except 28"/32")

Dimensions (W x H x D) w/o Stand: 36.3" x 21.1" x 2.9"

Weight: 14.4 lbs

Refresh Rate: 60 Hz

HDR: No

Available Screen Sizes: 49" / 43" / 40" / 32" / 28"

HDMI Inputs: 3

Smart TV: Yes - Roku TV

VESA: 100 x 100

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Flat Screen TV Buying Guide

So, I've covered quite a lot of information to this point. But, I'm not finished yet. If you want a simple summary of the most important issues to consider when buying a flat screen TV, then you've come to the right place.

Here is a recap of some important points we covered earlier, plus some extra things to think about.

Screen Resolution and TV Screen Size

All modern flat screen TVs will be widescreen and have a screen resolution of either 720p, 1080p or 4K. They will all be able to display standard definition, high definition and Ultra HD video. But, the screen will scale the video to fit its native resolution. So, you will only get the full benefit of 4K Ultra HD video if you have a 4K TV. For example, on a 1080p TV, the 4K video will be downscaled to 1080p to display it.

The native resolution of smaller screen sizes is likely to be 720p or 1080p. And 1080p or 4K for larger screen sizes.

There is one thing that is often misunderstood about 720p and 1080p TVs - they are both high-definition! They will both look great with a high-definition source. But, for the smaller screen sizes, you probably won't see the difference between the two at normal viewing distances.

1920 x 1080 Full HD Resolution Diagram 1920 x 1080 Full HD Resolution

Very simply, the further you are away from the screen the harder it is to tell the difference between a 720p and a 1080p screen.

Or to put it another way, the closer you sit to the screen in your room, the more benefit you'll get from a 1080p screen.

The same applies to 1080p and 4K. The further away you sit, or the smaller your TV is in size, then you will get less benefit from a higher resolution 4K TV.

TV Picture Quality

This is where it can get subjective. A 'good' picture for one person, might not look so great to another. However, there are several technical factors which contribute to a ‘good’ picture. And, the quality of a TV picture depends on these factors working together.

We need to consider things like:

  • the contrast ratio of the screen i.e. how bright are the whites, and how dark are the blacks.
  • how many colors the screen can show.
  • how accurately the TV can display those colors.
  • how bright the colors are.
  • how accurately the screen can display dark and light parts of an image at the same time.

If you really want to get into the technical details, there are many independent websites which measure all these variables. If that is all a bit much for you, you can either go by independent recommendations and reviews, or by going to a store to take a look for yourself.

Just be aware, in many stores, the TV picture is often set to be very bright and colorful so it stands out. However, these settings will often be too much in a home environment, and the TV may not look so great when you take it home and dial the settings back a bit.

If you want a generalization, an OLED TV is widely thought to have the best picture quality. However, the picture is often not as bright as the best LED TVs, and so an OLED will work best in a darker room e.g. watching a movie with the lights down.

An LED TV is more versatile in a range of lighting conditions - and is available in more screen sizes. If picture quality is the most important issue for you, and you don’t want to buy an OLED TV, then an LED TV made with a VA panel is the way to go. An LED TV made with an IPS panel is a better all-rounder in a larger room with  wide viewing positions.

The bottom line? These days, even mid-range LED TVs can produce a fantastic-looking picture. TV technology is improving year-on-year. There has never been a better time to replace your old TV - whatever your budget.

TV Viewing Angles

By viewing angle, I mean, does the TV picture still look good if you are sat to one side of the screen?

In an ideal world, you will install the TV in your room and sit directly in front of it. You may be close, or further away, but you will view the TV screen front-on. However, if you have a larger room with several different seating positions, then you won’t be able to fit every viewer in front of the screen. Therefore, some people will be looking at the screen at an angle.

With some types of TV this can be an issue because the picture will lose its quality if you view it from the side. The contrast will reduce and the colors will lose their accuracy and brightness. In short, it won’t look very good.

This may not be such an issue if your TV is just for general day-to-day viewing. But, if you want it to get the best picture possible, then you might want to give this some thought.

If you know that your room will have people viewing from the sides, then it would be wise to buy a TV where this won’t cause too many problems.

TV Viewing Angles Diagram Ideal TV Viewing Angles

In the image above, the ideal position is obviously at 0°. Directly in front of the screen. The wider you move either side towards the 45° position, then the image will get worse. You will find there will some degrading of the image at around 25 to 30°. Although, that will vary depending on the TV. In the worst cases, it may start as low as 15°.

Currently, the best televisions for viewing angles are OLED TVs. This technology allows for a wide viewing angle where the picture won’t degrade a great deal. Although, the colors will change a little the wider you sit.

Historically, LCD/LED TVs have always had problems with the viewing angle. If you want an LED TV which works well at an angle, then look out for one which is made with an IPS panel. The alternative is a VA panel, which will have the best picture quality when viewed straight-on but will look worse from the side.

One of the aims of QLED TV technology is to improve the viewing angle over standard LED TVs. You may well find the viewing angle of these to be slightly improved, although still not as good as an OLED TV.

High Dynamic Range (HDR)

This technology improves picture quality by increasing the contrast ratio. To experience video content that has been recorded using HDR, all the hardware in your playback chain needs to support it. And, there are different types, so your hardware chain needs to support the same version of HDR. The most common version is HDR10, but there are others such as Dolby Vision, HLG and HDR10+.

If you use a smart app on your TV to play HDR video, then you just need a TV with HDR support. If you have a UHD Blu-ray player and an AV receiver, then they will need to support the same version of HDR as your TV.

If you don't have any way to play HDR video content, then you don't need to worry much about this feature when you are choosing a new TV. Unless you want to future-proof your new purchase.

Upscaling/Downscaling

As mentioned above, you can play all the different types of video on a modern flat screen TV. Standard definition (SD), high definition (HD) and even 4K (UHD).

Every TV has a built-in video scaler. This device will upscale or downscale any incoming video to the correct resolution for the screen. So, if you play some SD content, a 1080p/4K screen will upscale it so it will display on the higher resolution screen. Play some 4K UHD video, then a 1080p TV will downscale it to 1080p before it is displayed.

Higher-end TVs will have better quality scalers, and so will perform this process better. This isn't so important if you mainly watch HD content on a 1080p screen as no scaling is required. But, if you still watch plenty of SD content (like DVDs), then it is more important to check reviews to see if the TV provides good quality scaling.

Also, bear in mind, a DVD player may also have a video scaler. So, if you have a high-end DVD player, you could let the DVD player scale the content to 1080p, and it doesn't matter about the scaling in the TV.

On the top-of-the-range 4K UHD TVs, 1080p content can still look really good. So, a 4K TV can still be worth getting even if you don’t have much 4K content.

Smart TV

Most modern TVs will come with some form of Smart functionality. This means there will be an interface, which you can access using your remote control, which allows you to use various apps to play content on your TV. You will need to connect the TV to the internet to use these.


Different models of TV will have different Smart TV platforms, and the apps that you can access will vary. If there is a specific app you want to use, then you should check that the TV you are going to buy has that app. Although they are similar, not all Smart TV platforms have the same apps.

Using a remote control to select a smart TV app

Popular apps include Netflix, Amazon Video, YouTube, Hulu, Google Play and a web browser.

Your Smart TV platform may also allow you to stream content that is stored elsewhere on your home network. This is done via a standard called DLNA – although it may be called something different depending on your model.

Your TV will be the DLNA client, and it will be able to ‘see’ content stored on a server within your network – like a PC or NAS. You can then play this content on your TV.

TV Refresh Rate

With TVs, you will come across many technical features which can complicate your decision making. You will see specifications that sound really great… but you’re not completely sure what they actually mean.

A cynical person might say that manufacturers like to highlight these features just to make their TVs sound more exciting! Fortunately, I’m not a cynical person…

Anyway, for the average user, many of these features will have a very small impact on their day-to-day use.

The refresh rate of a TV is a good example. I don't want to list every technical option that you might see for TVs, as the point of this site is to keep things simple. I try to narrow things down to the most important features to avoid confusing everyone. There are other websites which go into these in more detail if you prefer.

The theory is that higher refresh rates will look smoother to the human eye. This could especially be useful for fast-moving images such as sports.

In the US, the standard refresh rate of a TV is 60 Hz. However, we now find new TVs with higher refresh rates. Some will have a 120 Hz refresh rate. Some will claim even higher rates such as 240 Hz (they’re not really).

The problem is, the refresh rate of video and movie content hasn’t changed. Video is mostly 30 Hz (in the US) and movies are 24 Hz (some TV content might be recorded at 60 fps). So, for a TV with a higher refresh rate, it simply duplicates the same frames to play at 120 Hz. Either that or reduces its own refresh rate to match the 60 Hz of the source. This makes no difference to how smooth the image looks.

If you want the video content to actually play at 120 Hz, you can enable motion interpolation in the TVs menu. This will be called different things according to the make of the TV. Motion interpolation takes the 30 Hz video content and creates new frames that don’t actually exist in the recording. It just ‘guesses’ how the image will change between frames.

While this technique can sometimes be effective for fast-moving images like sports, it creates something called the ‘soap-opera effect’. The picture can look unnatural, and many people don’t like it.

There are four main benefits of a 120 Hz TV :

  • can properly display content that is recorded at higher refresh rates. There isn’t much of this.
  • movies may display without judder as the 24 fps of a movie exactly divide into 120 Hz. However, many TVs will just display a movie at 24 fps.
  • a 120 Hz TV can add motion interpolation to a 60 Hz source. This is only useful if you like the look of the ‘soap opera effect’.
  • can reduce motion blur. However, a shorter response time is the most important factor in motion blur. The refresh rate has no effect on the response time.

If you are looking to buy a native 120 Hz 4K TV, then you will find most of the mid to high range models will support this. Cheaper models, or Full HD TVs, are more likely to be 60 Hz.

This is the simplified version. If you would like to see this explained in a little more detail, go to the article TV Refresh Rate: Understanding 60 Hz, 120 Hz and 240 Hz.

TV Connections

It is one of the most important things to think about when buying a new TV - but it is also something that is easily forgotten. Do you have enough input connections to connect all your external equipment?

Your external devices - such as a Blu-ray/DVD player, cable TV box and games console - may all have different video and audio outputs. So, you need to make sure your TV has enough inputs of the right type.

Most modern devices will use HDMI to send the picture and the sound. Does the TV have enough HDMI inputs? Might you need to connect another device by S-Video instead? Or component video? Do you want to connect a computer to the TV? What type of connection does it have?

Give some thought to the devices you want to connect - and therefore which connections you need on your new TV.

If you have a number of different devices to connect to your TV, then it may be worth considering an AV receiver. This can make connecting a few devices to your TV much simpler - and improve the sound at the same time.

TV Sound Quality

The sound that you hear on your TV will depend on your setup. A screen will usually have built-in speakers - although some 'professional' models may not, so it's best to double-check before buying. These speakers will provide a decent, if unspectacular, sound.

The quality of the onboard speakers does vary. So, if you are going to be relying on these speakers completely for the sound, then it may be worth paying more for a model with better speakers.

However, many people will use a separate surround sound speaker system and may not use the onboard speakers at all. Installing surround sound systems takes a bit more effort. But, it's not that complicated, and it will be well worth it in the end when you hear the improvement in sound. I will always recommend that you use a surround sound system - but in the end, it is something that you can decide for yourself. 

3D TV

While it's not as popular as it was, you can still buy TVs with 3D. I must say, while I wouldn't want to watch it all the time, I quite enjoy watching a 3D movie from time to time. So, if you've not experienced it yet, or are purchasing a new TV and still have a few 3D Blu-ray movies, you might want to check if your new TV supports 3D.

Many newer models are dropping this feature now. But, you can still find 3D on some TVs. If you want an in-depth look at 3D in the home, take a look at 3D TV: A Guide to 3D Movies and Television.

Wall Mount or TV Cabinet

The TV that you buy may even depend on where you are going to install the TV in your room. If you are going to wall mount your TV, then you may feel a larger screen is more suitable for that space.

The bigger screens seem to work really well when wall mounted. They never seem to look as big in the room as those which are placed on furniture. Or is that just me?

Man installing a wall mount to the back of a TV

If you have a smaller space, or are planning on placing the TV on a cabinet, then maybe you might want a slightly smaller model?

There’s no hard and fast rule. And it really depends on your room, and where you will be watching the TV from. Personal taste too. However, these are all things to consider before you buy.

Different Model Numbers

The range of different TV models can make your head spin. First, don't forget that the same model of TV will come in different screen sizes. So, you might see a list a 5 TVs, but they may simply be the same TV at 5 different screen sizes. You just need to pick the best screen size for your room.

You will also get several ranges from the same manufacturer that have small differences in features. It can be tricky to see what the differences are between two different models. It may be something relatively minor, like different speakers - or a different stand.

Some manufacturers have a comparison feature on their websites where you can compare two different models. This can make it easier to spot the differences.

You should also be aware that the model number of a TV may be different around the world. On this site, I am referencing the US TV model numbers. If you are located somewhere else, then the model number may vary. Some manufacturers do keep the same model number worldwide, which I think is much better.

In case this wasn't confusing enough, some brands will release a TV model exclusively for a particular retailer. So, you may see a model in one store, that isn't available anywhere else. Often, very similar versions of this TV will be available elsewhere with a different model number. No wonder we get so confused.

Last Year’s Model

Most brands will release a new model of their product range once a year. This is part of the reason why you will see so many different TVs when you are looking around for the right one to buy. Some will be the new range, and others will be last year’s. And the year before too!

Now, it may be that the new TV for this year has a new feature that you just must have. That the performance is improved so much that it makes no sense to buy the old version. However, if you look closely, you may also find that last year’s model has all the features you need. Many updates aren’t always going to be a huge improvement on before.

If so, you can usually get the older TV for a bargain price. You may find that you can save some serious money. That TV hasn’t suddenly become obsolete. It was the best you could get in that price range just a few months ago.

You will find that as time goes on, the stock of the older models will gradually run out. But, if you get in quick, you can get a real bargain that will serve you well for years to come.

The thing to consider is, are the features of the new TV something that I will really benefit from or not.

Conclusion

There are no two ways about it, buying a new TV can be a very confusing business. Not only are there an endless list of different model numbers - there are different types, sizes, features and prices.

It can seem impossible to decide on which are the best flat screen TVs.

You need to decide which size will be the best fit for your room. If you need an HD Ready, Full HD or 4K screen. If it has all the right connections for your external devices.

It's not easy.

However, I hope this guide has made it a little easier to decide which way you need to go. And, has explained some of the confusing technical jargon that makes the decision even harder. I've even picked my top 10 LED and OLED TVs.

Enjoy your new TV!

Flat Screen TV Technical Terms Explained

One of the hardest things about researching a new TV is that there are oodles of acronyms and new technical jargon to understand. Some of these are useful to understand. Some are just there to make this new screen sound more exciting. Here I will summarise some of the terms you might come across:

  • BT.2020: a set of standards for displaying Ultra HD TV. It includes standards for the display resolution, frame rate, bit depth, chroma subsampling and the color gamut. If you use an AV receiver, it will need to support BT.2020 to pass this type of content to your 4K-compatible TV.
  • Contrast Ratio: the difference between the brightest (white) and darkest (black) color signals that a panel can produce. It is expressed as a ratio and tells us how many times brighter the white is compared to the black level. i.e. a contrast ratio of 2000:1 means the white is 2000 times brighter than black. A higher contrast ratio is theoretically better as it means the whites are whiter and the blacks are blacker. This produces a more realistic and detailed image – especially for dark scenes. An OLED TV will often be shown to have an infinite contrast ratio. This is because it has perfect black levels – measured as zero. However, don't get too carried away by the numbers alone. In real-world situations, it can mean very little. A TV that is placed in a bright room won’t display its full contrast ratio as the ambient light will wash out the image. So, the contrast ratio is more important if you watch movies in a dark room. Just be aware that this is something to look out for when comparing different TVs in a store. Can your eyes see a difference between the blacks and whites on different screens? Which looks better to you?
  • DLNA: Stands for Digital Living Network Alliance. A trade organization of over 250 companies. They aim to create a set of standards to make it easier to use and share digital music, video and photos. A 'DLNA-certified' device will be able to share data with other DLNA devices on the same network. A standard setup would have a DLNA server which stores the digital media - like a PC or NAS drive. Then, DLNA clients will be able to 'see' the server on the network and be able to play back the files. A client might be a TV, laptop or an AV receiver.
  • Dolby Vision™: a variation of HDR developed by Dolby. The main advantage over standard HDR is that it can transmit scene-by-scene data to the TV screen on how it should display. It can also adjust to the capabilities of each TV. Sometimes referred to as Active HDR.
  • HDR10: an open source format of HDR supported by several hardware manufacturers. Currently the most common version available on sources and displays.
  • HDCP 2.2: to play encrypted 4K content, every device in the playback chain needs to support this copy protection standard. If your Ultra HD Blu-ray player and your TV support HDCP 2.2, but your 4K AV receiver doesn’t, then the content won’t play. HDCP is included in the spec of the HDMI ports and was introduced with HDMI 2.0.
  • HDMI ARC: Audio Return Channel. Some HDMI ports may be labeled as ARC (on the TV and the AV receiver). This means you can send audio from the TV back to the AV receiver. This can simplify your connections. You don’t need to connect a separate optical cable if you want to hear the audio that is generated from within the TV e.g. a Netflix app. This is also useful if your TV doesn’t have a digital audio out.
  • Hybrid Log-Gamma: known-as HLG for short. Another variation of HDR developed by the BBC and NHK in Japan. It is designed to be used by broadcasters for transmitting HDR pictures.
  • SDR: stands for Standard Dynamic Range. SDR video doesn't have the greater dynamic range of HDR video. Similarly, an SDR TV cannot display the increased contrast ratio and color gamut required to display HDR video.
  • SUHD: a term used by Samsung to label their high-end 4K LED TVs. Although the name might suggest a higher resolution TV - it doesn't mean anything in terms of UHD. The resolution of the screen is the same as any other 4K TV - 3840 x 2160.
  • Super UHD: a term used by LG to label their high-end 4K LED TVs. As with the Samsung term above, these TVs are the standard 4K resolution. It refers to technology which is supposed to improve the colors.
  • Wide Color Gamut: a color gamut refers to the number of different colors a device can show. This device might be a TV or projector. Over the years, there have been different color gamut standards for TVs. These standards have gradually evolved with the technology e.g. the introduction of high definition TV. The 4K Ultra HD specification introduced a new standard called BT.2020. Part of this new standard included the display of more colors. This improved color standard is often referred to as the wide color gamut.
  • Widescreen: a widescreen image has an aspect ratio that is wider and shorter than the original standard of 4:3 (1.33:1) aspect ratio. Typically, we mean a 16:9 (1.78:1) aspect ratio when we talk about widescreen, as this is the standard size for flat screen TVs. However, films are traditionally shot with an even wider image size such as 1.85:1 or 2.39:1. This is why we get black bars at the top and bottom of a film on our 16:9 TV - because the original film was shot with a wider aspect ratio than our TV can show. Check out TV Aspect Ratio
    - Understanding Widescreen And 4:3
    for a more detailed explanation.

Frequently Asked Questions: Flat Screen TVs

There are so many technical questions related to flat screen TVs. It can be difficult to answer all these issues when discussing TVs in general. So, here I will summarise some common questions related to TVs. You might find this useful as a general reference.

How does an LCD TV work?

In very simple terms, an LCD screen has pixels filled with liquid crystal - and a backlight. The backlight illuminates the pixels.

Each pixel can be controlled individually to produce different colors. A variable electrical current is used to control the intensity of the light. And, a matrix of color filters is used to create the colors.

The picture you see on the screen is formed by all those tiny pixels changing their colors very quickly. If you go very close to the screen you can see each individual pixel.

The fact that an LCD screen uses a backlight is the main difference between an LCD TV and plasma or OLED screens - which don't use backlights.

It is useful to understand that LED TVs are simply LCD TVs with a different backlight. The traditional LCD TV uses a CCFL backlight, whereas an LED TV uses light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to create the light.

What is a Plasma TV?

A plasma TV is a type of flat screen TV - like an LCD TV.

However, it is made in a completely different way to an LCD screen and so has different advantages - and disadvantages!

To put it very simply, a plasma screen is made up of small pixels that are filled with gas. These pixels have a phosphor coating and, when fed with an electrical charge, the phosphor interacts with the gas to create colors.

By controlling the electrical charge, a plasma screen can accurately create over 16 million colors. Now isn't that clever!

Plasma TVs are no longer made by any of the major TV manufacturers.

While the picture of a plasma television was often considered the best that you could get, they weren’t perfect. Take a look at this article if you want to learn a little more about problems with plasma TVs.